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Perfume & Fragrances Information

Basic
Fragrance Categories For Her
Fragrance Categories For Him
Fragrance Forms For Her
Fragrance Forms For Him
Do's and Dont's
Essential Oils and Their Properties
Fragrance Tips
Sensory Gift Giving Guide — From her
Sensory Gift Giving Guide — From him
Sensory Stages
Fragrance Types For Her
Fragrance Types For Him
Wedding Tips
Men's Perfume Buying by Catherine Tyler
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
S/G
short for Shower Gel

Sandalwood
Oil extracted from the heartwood of the Sandal tree, originally found in India. One of the oldest known perfumery ingredients, the powdered wood is also used to make incense.

Scent
A distinctive odor that is pleasant

SENSORY ADAPTATION
is the tendency of the human sense of smell to become less and less able to perceive a particular fragrance the longer it is exposed to it. When the sense of smell is "adapted" to a fragrance, it is no longer able to recognize it. Yet it recovers quickly from this fatigue.

SENSUAL
is the term for a perfume with an erotically-stimulating effect. An accentuated portion of animalic components and exotic blossom notes is usually to be found in such perfumes. Properly used, many perfumes can produce pleasant emotions and moods, since the sense of smell is directly connected with the part of the brain in which feelings and sexual behavior are controlled.

Signature
The ethereal mark of a fragrance that makes a distinct impression on those who encounter it. Some perfumers works contain a singular signature, which is as individual as a fingerprint.

Signature Scent
perfect fragrance match, one that you love and smells great on you because it reacts well with your body chemistry

Sillage
The trail of scent left behind by a perfume. Fragrances with minimal sillage are often said to "stay close to the skin".

SMELL
is the sensory perception of odorous organic compounds. It occurs in the act of inhaling, and so air is the carrier.

SMOKY
notes are used mainly in masculine perfumes to create natural leather effects. In modern leather notes the smoky notes are thrust into the background by animalic notes but the old, classical leather perfumes contain noticeable smoky notes which originate from birch tar oil.

Soliflore
A fragrance which focuses on a single flower.

SOLVENTS
are liquids, virtually odor- and colorless, used in perfumery for the dilution of perfume oils. The most commonly-used solvent is ethyl alcohol. Some solvents also have fixative properties.

SOUR
A perfume is said to smell sour when it has aged prematurely owing to inappropriate storage. When this happens, chemical alterations occur which are irreversible, and the perfume must be considered "off."

Specialties
Natural oils, natural isolates or synthetics, either alone or in combination, which are used as building blocks for fragrance compounds. They are less complex than a finished fragrance compound. They may be an end-product of special processing treatments or unique raw materials. A single company under a trade name usually supplies them.

Spicy
Piquant or pungent notes such as clove oil, cinnamon; characteristic of notes of carnation, ginger, lavender or the chemical spicy notes of eugenol or isoeugenol.

Spicy For Men
For men this family includes bay oil from the West Indies, pepper, cloves, Mediterranean basil, cinnamon, and olilanum. Famous spicy fragrances include Bijan by Bijan Fragrances, and Joop! Homme by Joop!.

Spicy For Women
Scents in this family include cloves, ginger, cinnamon and cardamon also included here are certain flowers with a spicy tone to them like carnation and lavender. Famous spicy fragrances include Coco by Chanel, KL (Lagerfeld) by Karl Lagerfeld, and Poison by Christian Dior.

Splash
bottle without atomizer, can pour

SPLASH COLOGNE
is light, watery alcohol/perfume oil solution of 1%-3% perfume oil in 99%-97% alcohol, respectively. They are used generously, for refreshment for the whole body, after the shower or bath for example. They have a subtle perfuming effect, and the notes are fresh and clean. Some countries especially favor this application, and two prime examples are France and Spain.

Spray
bottle with atomizer

STABILITY
is a perfume's resistance to the harmful effects of light and oxygen. In proper storage (protected from light at room temperature, closed bottle) perfumes keep an average of six months without deterioration. Many keep for a much longer period.

Strength
The strength of a fragrance refers to how intense its scent is.

SUBSTANTIVITY
The lasting properties of a fragrance are dependent on its degree of volatility. Heavy, nonvolatile substances are used for the fixing of perfume compositions.

SWEET
elements exist in many perfumes, in differing amounts, especially in Oriental and heavy chypre perfumes. The best-known example of a sweet-smelling natural product is the extract of the vanilla bean.

Synergism
The ability of certain perfumery ingredients to work together to produce an effect greater than the ingredients could achieve independently.

Synthetic
Synthetic is a term that's used to refer to a substance that's man-made, with the specific purpose of duplicating a particular scent. Synthetics are sometimes better than natural materials because their properties can be controlled.

SYNTHETIC FRAGRANCE MATERIALS
are produced from chemical raw materials. Half-synthetic fragrance zaterials are chemically-processed isolates from natural products.

Synthetics
May be derived or isolated from natural products or manufactured in the laboratory. Some synthetics are superior to the natural in uniformity, stability and availability. Synthetics may be as costly as naturals.

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