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Perfume & Fragrances Information

Fragrance Categories For Her
Fragrance Categories For Him
Fragrance Forms For Her
Fragrance Forms For Him
Do's and Dont's
Essential Oils and Their Properties
Fragrance Tips
Sensory Gift Giving Guide — From her
Sensory Gift Giving Guide — From him
Sensory Stages
Fragrance Types For Her
Fragrance Types For Him
Wedding Tips
Men's Perfume Buying by Catherine Tyler
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is the adjective used to describe the fragrance impression of earth, forest-soil, mold, dust, etc. Vetiver and patchouly are well-known essential oils possessing earthy characteristics. Earthy accents in perfumes are not pronounced, always subtle.

is a solution of approximately 3 % to 5 % perfume oil in an alcohol/water mix. The classical "eau de Cologne" is a composition of fresh, light, volatile essential oils (pre dominantly citrus oils) which contains few, if any fixatives. Eau de Cologne is intended to be refreshing, and has a limited perfuming effect.

is a solution of perfume oil (15 %-18 %) in alcohol (85 % to 82%).

is a solution of 4 % -8 % perfume oil in alcohol.

Eau Fraiche
French for "fresh water" which contains just 1 to 3 percent concentration of essential oils

short for Eau De Cologne - literally translates to "water of cologne"

short for Eau De Parfum - literally translates to "water of perfume" or "perfumed water". This is lighter than Perfume, with an 8-15% concentration, and so is less expensive but still has long lasting characteristics, from 3 to 5 hours.

short for Eau De Toilette - perfume solution with a 3-8% aromatic compound in an oil and water base. It is normally less expensive than Eau de Parfum, and lasts for 2 to 4 hours. It may last up to 5 hours for men. It is often available in either a splash or a spray.

To encapsulate, in the perfume industry sense of the word, means to enclose perfume oils in tiny gelatine capsules. These capsules can be applied to the skin together with an alcoholic perfume. When the skin is rubbed, the capsules are broken and the scent of the oil is released, "renewing" the perfume. Tests involving this method of perfuming have been made with textiles.

is a process for the extraction of valuable plant extracts. Plates of glass, covered on both sides with animal fat into which blossoms have been pressed, are placed on wooden frames. Spent blossoms are constantly replaced until the at is saturated with fragrance substance. Then, he blossom oil is separated from the fat through extraction. This procedure is rarely used today, because it is so costly.

Environmental Fragrancing
The use of a pleasant scent to enhance the comfort, enjoyment and overall perception of indoor spaces.

Perfumes which, in addition to their general )leasing and harmonious qualities, are also accented. with warm animal notes in combination with certain flower oils, are said to have an erotic effect. Much depends on the user, though-and he circumstances!

are alcoholic or aqueous plant extracts. They are hardly ever used in the perfume industry today, but they are widely employed in the cosmetic and flavor industries.

Volatile oil obtained by various processes from flowers, leaves, roots, barks, stems, fruits, seeds and woods.

Essential Oil
The "essence" of plants obtained by distillation of the plant material or its concrete. Plant materials include flowers, grass, stems, seeds, leaves, roots, bark, fruits, tree moss and tree secretions.

(Ethereal) oils are extracted from various plant parts through pressing or steam distillation. They are natural mixtures of various chemical substances. Unlike fatty oils, they evaporate without leaving a residue.

means the selection of fragrances, for a specific purpose, from a number of available alternatives. In recent years a whole new profession has emerged in the perfume industry consisting of experts who specialize in this work. They are known as evaluators. Evaluation is work which requires not only talent, knowledge and training, but also a feeling for what the market wants at any particular time. The evaluators (women, in many instances) are an important link between the creators and the users of perfumes.

Fleeting or quickly vanishing fragrance.

The process of changing from a liquid to a vapor.

is an especially mild process for the extraction of essential oils, used in cases where steam distillation would modify or damage the end-product. Expression is used mainly for the extraction of citrus oils.

is the process of removing raw materials from plant and animal substances through the use of various solvents. Most of the valuable natural fragrance materials are produced in this manner.

Concentrated perfume or flower products obtained through the process of extraction using volatile solvents.

generally, means the most concentrated form of perfume sold over the counter. It is a solution of 15 % -30 % perfume oil in high-grade alcohol.

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