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Perfume & Fragrances Information

Basic
Fragrance Categories For Her
Fragrance Categories For Him
Fragrance Forms For Her
Fragrance Forms For Him
Do's and Dont's
Essential Oils and Their Properties
Fragrance Tips
Sensory Gift Giving Guide — From her
Sensory Gift Giving Guide — From him
Sensory Stages
Fragrance Types For Her
Fragrance Types For Him
Wedding Tips
Men's Perfume Buying by Catherine Tyler
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Absinthe
Absinthe is a strong herbal liqueur distilled with herbs like anise, licorice, hyssop, veronica, fennel, lemon balm, angelica and wormwood.

Absolute
Also known as an essence, this is the material extracted from a plant or flower using one of various solvents.

ABSOLUTES
are natural fragrance materials which are extracted from various plant parts. First, the concrete is extracted by means of a solvent. Then, the undissolved waxes are removed with alcohol. Absolutes are products of high quality, and very expensive because of the low yield.

Accord
The basic character or theme of a fragrance. Perfume accords are a balanced blend of three or four notes which lose their individual identity to create a completely new, unified odor impression.

ACCORDS
are combinations of various single odors which blend to produce new fragrance effects. The number of ingredients in an accord may run from 2 to several hundred. Both simple and complex accords may be used as components for perfume compositions.

AEROSOL
is the spraying and/or foaming of liquid or solid materials by propellant agents from pressurized cans.

Aftershave
Less strong, it is the most popular choice and lasts for 2 to 3 hours. Aftershaves are kinder to the skin than EDT's. Those with very sensitive skin should use aftershave balms.

Agar wood
From the Aquilaria tree, and also called Oud or Aloes wood. The tree, when attacked by a common fungus, produces an aromatic resin that has long been used in the Middle East as a source of incense and perfume, now considered endangered in the wild due to over-harvesting.

ALCOHOL
is used in the perfume industry as a solvent for the production of lotions. An often used alcohol is ethyl alcohol.

Aldehyde
An organic compound that ends with an aldehyde (C=O) group. Aldehydes are an essential class of perfume ingredients that impart a vivid top note to the perfume. Aldehydes were first successfully incorporated into a perfume by Ernest Beaux in 1921 in Chanel No. 5.

ALDEHYDIC
is the term for the odor-effect produced by the use of short-chain aliphatic aldehydes. This effect can be described as fatty, watery, tallowy, or even "snuffed candle". When concentrated, aldehydes are extremely powerful and pungent. Aldehydes are used in all perfume types, especially those which feature elegant feminine notes.

Amber
In perfumery, this usually refers to plant compounds (such as labdanum) or synthetics which have an ambergris-like scent. In general, it's a heavy, full bodied, powdery, warm fragrance note

Ambergris
Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose recursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as "amber" in perfumery and should not be confused with yellow amber, which is used in jewelry.

Ambrette
Oil obtained from these seeds has a musk-like odor and is frequently used as a substitute for true musk.

Animalic
Refers to animal-derived ingredients such as civet, ambergris, musk, and castoreum. These are usually replaced by synthetics in modern perfumery. In large amounts, many of these notes are unpleasant, but in smaller amounts they provide depth and a sensual feel to a fragrance.

Anise
An annual herb of the parsley family, grown for its fruits (aniseed), which have a strong, licorice-like flavor.

Anosmia
The inability to smell odors. Many people have selective anosmias, for instance, total anosmia can occur as the result of injury or illness but is relatively rare and partial anosmia is a common phenomenon where people have selective insensitivity or blindness to particular materials smells or groups of smells. As for Benzyl Salicylate and Macro cyclic musks are common examples. Some people on first exposure to a new material may claim not to be able to smell it but after several exposures their ability to smell it improves.

Apocrines
A type of sweat gland which contributes to the sexual and body scent in humans and which influences the odor characteristics of one's fragrance.

Aqua Blue
Name Brand Designer Fragrances

Aqueous
It's a recent designation for scents that are based more on a concept of a 'watery' smell than an actual scent.

ARGUMEN OILS
is the collective term for the essential oils of bergamot, lemon, grape-fruit, lime, mandarin, orange and bitter orange, generally known as citrus oils.

Aroma
A term used to describe a sensation which is between smell and taste, such as the aroma of coffee.

Aroma Chemicals
Chemicals that have a smell and/or taste and are used in perfumes or flavors. Should note be confused with the term Aromatic Chemicals that refers to the Benzene ring structure found in many organic compounds.

Aroma-Chology
A science, developed by the Sense of Smell Institute, dedicated to the study of the interrelationship between psychology and the latest in fragrance technology to elicit a variety of specific feelings and emotions... relaxation, exhilaration, sensuality, happiness and well-being.

Aromachology
The science dedicated to the study of the interrelationship between psychology and aroma.

Aromatherapy
Therapy with aroma. It's the art and science of using essential oils to heal common ailments and complaints. It particularly helps with stress or emotionally triggers problems such as insomnia and headaches.

AROMATIC
has become an obsolete term in perfumery. In former times, it was used to describe the fragrance impression of sweet balsam.

ASSOCIATION
is the connecting of sensory impressions, moods or incidents with odors. A scent ha; the ability to bring a situation you have experienced from the deepest recesses of your mind, to the absolute forefront.

Attar (Otto)
From the ancient Persian word "to smell sweet." Attar or otto refers to essential oil obtained by distillation and, in particular, that of the Bulgarian rose, an extremely precious perfumery material.

Axon
The part of a nerve cell that conducts impulses away from the body of the cell.

Ayurvedic
It's the ancient Hindu art of medicine, herbs to prolong life.

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